Acupuncture

Acupuncture is a treatment derived from ancient Chinese medicine where fine needles are inserted at certain energetic points in the body to restore and promote good health.

In Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), the free flow of energy, or “life force” (“qi”) through the body in channels called meridians is considered essential for good health. Any disruption in this energetic flow and balance can cause illness, both mental and physical.

Acupuncture is believed to restore the flow of qi and thus restore health.

The needles, usually up to twelve, are inserted in particular places on the body (‘acupuncture points’), chosen according to your condition. They may be inserted just under the skin, or deeper to reach muscle tissue. Sometimes the needles are rotated or an electric current is passed through them (electroacupuncture).

Acupuncture and mental health

  • Stimulation of certain acupuncture points has been shown to affect areas of the brain that are known to reduce sensitivity to pain and stressSprott, H., Franke, S., Kluge, H. and Hein, G. (1998). Pain treatment of fibromyalgia by acupuncture. [online] Rheumatology International, 18 (1), pp. 35-6. Available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9672997 [accessed 12 Sept. 2017].
  • Stimulation of certain acupuncture points has been shown to promote relaxation, deactivate the ‘analytical’ brain Hui, K. K., Marina, O., Rosen, B. R. and Kwong, K K. (2010). Acupuncture, the limbic system, and the anticorrelated networks of the brain. [online] Autonomic Neuroscience, 157(1-2), pp. 81-90. Available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=Acupuncture%2C+the+limbic+system%2C+and+the+anticorrelated+networks+of+the+brain [accessed 12 Aug. 2017].
  • Acupuncture can have a specific positive effect on mental health issues by altering brain chemistry, for instance:

Acupuncture can be helpful for:

  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Stress
  • Sleep issues

Hempel, S., Taylor, S. L., Solloway, M. R., Miake-Lye, I., Beroes, J. M., Shanman, R., Booth, M., Siroka, A. and Shekelle, P. (2014). Evidence Map of Acupuncture. [online] Washington (DC): Department of Veterans Affairs (US). Available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK185076/ [accessed 12 Sept. 2017]., Errington-Evans, N. (2012). Acupuncture for anxiety. [online] CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics. 18 (4), pp. 277-84. Available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22070429 [accessed 12 Sept. 2017]. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29231433

Acupuncture has been found to be particularly helpful for depression in:

  • Pregnancy Manber, R., Schnyer, R. N., Lyell, D., Chambers, A. S., Caughey, A. B., Druzin, M., Carlyle, E., Celio, C., Gress, J. L., Huang, M. I., Kalista, T., Martin-Okada, R. and Allen, J. J. (2010). Acupuncture for depression during pregnancy: a randomized controlled trial. [online] Obstetrics and Gynecology, 115 (3), pp. 511-520.
  • Post-stroke Zhang Z. J., Chen, H. Y., Yip, K. C., Ng, R. and Wong, V. T. (2010). The effectiveness and safety of acupuncture therapy in depressive disorders: Systematic review and meta-analysis. [online] Journal of Affective Disorders, 124 (1-2), pp. 9-21. Smith, C. A., Hay, P. P. and Macpherson, H. (2010). Acupuncture for depression. [online] Cochrane Database Systematic Reviews, (1), CD004046. Available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20091556 [accessed 12 Sept. 2017].